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論文

論文
正木, 大貴
出版情報: 現代社会研究科論集 : 京都女子大学大学院現代社会研究科紀要.  014  pp.161-170,  2020-03-15.  京都女子大学
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11173/3029
概要: Social media has made tremendous progress with the rapid spread of smartphones. The use of social networking services(SN S)has become a second nature, and there have been major changes in how we communicate. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the background to, and psychological characteristics of SNS dependence. SNS are deeply involved in everyday life for those in the younger generations, and people who are likely to become dependent on SNS are stressed by actual human relationships. In addition, SNS not only fulfill a praise-seeking need for approval such as hoping to be in the spotlight, but also have an important meaning as something that assures a rejection-avoidance need for approval, namely, the feeling of “not wanting to be disliked by everyone.” For this reason, people with a dependency on SNS strongly seek connections with people who understand them while paying excessive attention to communication they engage in. As a result, an addiction to human relationships is formed. At present we have a “fear of alienation”, that we will be isolated if we neglect to care for others. Yet SNS have the advantages of alleviating this fear that we might be disillusioned with knowing ourselves as we are, and allowing us to choose a specific relationship with a reduced risk of being hurt. Thus, we are addicted to SNS. 続きを見る
2.

論文

論文
正木, 大貴
出版情報: 現代社会研究科論集 : 京都女子大学大学院現代社会研究科紀要.  012  pp.25-44,  2018-03-15.  京都女子大学
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11173/2640
概要: The purpose of this paper is to overview the transition of the concept of the need of approval from the psychological point of view and to discuss the need for approval in young people in the light to the situation with human relations and society, especially with regard to SNS. In the field of psychology, the need for approval is well known as one of the stages of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. In addition, the need for approval is studied from two aspects, the praise seeking need and the rejection avoidance need. It was understood that contemporary youth maintain friendships while paying attention to circumstances surrounding them so as not to hurt others or be hurt by them. Nurturing the sense that children are approved of by their parents in their parent-child relationships also affects subsequent human relations. The pathological aspect of that not working out well has been pointed out. The psychological feature common to such pathology is the “approval with conditions”. This is not such form of parental approval of children as “loving them the way they are”, but the “if you can do ..., then I will love you” form of approval. Contemporary parent-child relationships seem to be presenting “approval with conditions” while securing “unconditional approval”. As a result, young people became worried whether they will be accepted if there is no condition for approval even in relationships with friends. On the other hand, while SNS can easily satisfy the need of approval for young people who use them, it is possible to obtain infinite approval with them. Also, unlike in case with real human relationships, there is a peculiarity of SNS allowing for obtaining approval while minimizing the anxiety of being rejected by someone. 続きを見る