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1.

論文

論文
鈴木, 良 ; Suzuki, Ryo
出版情報: 京都女子大学生活福祉学科紀要.  010  pp.1-9,  2014-02-10.  京都女子大学家政学部生活福祉学科
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11173/1531
概要: This paper looks at which agents and how those agents have advocated for the closure of provincial institutions for persons with intellectual disabilities in Ontario of Canada. The conclusions that this paper draws are as follows. First, it is found that the closure policy was led by the initiative of provincial government, based upon the advocacy of Community Living Ontario which is families- based organization. The CLO advocated for the downsizing of institutions in the 1960s and gradual closure by provincial government has been carried out through the range of supports in community by associations of CLO that have emerged since 1970s. In the 1980s CLO sharpened its focus on providing full integration in the community for all people with intellectual disabilities. After the strategy proposed by the Ministry in 1987 which closes all of the institutions during the next 25 years, all of the remaining institutions had closed in 2009 by the pressure of CLO Second, the governments and advocates saw the economic benefits of community living with emphasis on human rights. The deinstitutionalization was driven not so much by social democratic ideals as by a liberal ideology, which criticizes inefficiency of institutions and puts emphasis upon the rationality of community based services by the perspective of cost-effectiveness. 続きを見る
2.

図書

図書
佐藤幹夫著
出版情報: 東京 : 岩波書店, 2013.10
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3.

論文

論文
中野, 明 ; Nakano, Akira ; 北村, 美恵 ; Kitamura, Yoshie
出版情報: 生活造形.  051  pp.81-84,  2006-02-08.  京都女子大学生活造形学教室
URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11173/913
概要: In the government reports on the handicapped persons published in December, 2002, it was stipulated that the persons with intellectual handicap should only be housed in the special facilities when there is a real need to do so. In other words, the basic government policy was clarified as to promote the "community life"(living at home) rather than the "confined life"(living in the specialized facilities). The purpose of this study is to find out the difficulties and their remedies in regard to the housing environments experienced by the families who have intellectually handicapped members. Through the analysis of their experiences, we have tried to set the guidlines for the future planning of the living environment for these families. Most of the families preferred to live together at home, as long as the parents were in good health conditions. However, most of them were considering the possibility to send the intellectually handicapped members to the group homes in the future. Therefore, it is necessary to think about the supports on the living environments from two sides; 1) space planning and privacy considerations at the individual homes and 2) community supports in general including the supports to the facilities like group homes. By offering these supports, we should be able to realize more friendly society for the mentally handicapped persons. 続きを見る